Kitchen Planning

Introduction

Almost all over the world, in most homes, both husband and wife go out to work either out of necessity or out of choice and as such time spent in the kitchen is minimal giving rise to a demand for a well designed and convenient kitchen. Modular kitchens can very well fulfill this demand.

The basic modules are characterized by standardized units for the floor and wall, deep units to accommodate electrical appliances and gas trolleys, and a wide choice of accessories in the form of wire baskets, carousels, adjustable shelves and pull-out units.

Materials used are just as varied. You could choose from natural or lacquered wood (like teak wood, red wood, rubber wood) Membrane, combinations of wood and laminate, laminate and marine ply, or prelaminated boards or just flow freely with the tide of ingenious material at hand and explore your creative flair for a custom built one.

No matter what the size and the shape of the kitchens, the two basic preferences have always been wood and laminate for the cabinets and shutters, along with sturdy material like marbles or granite for the worktops.

Advantages of a modular kitchen are

  • They look good.
  • Optimize space.
  • Are made of durable material.
  • Selection of different materials for different uses is a difficult decision to make, which is easily solved by a modular kitchen.
  • A modular kitchen takes care of things like exhaust hoods/chimneys which otherwise is ignored.
  • Replacement/repairs are easy.
  • Kitchen work/equipment/utensils get proper definition, role and place to function.
    Person gets motivated to work in such kitchens.

Planning a Kitchen

A kitchen can be more than just a place to prepare meals. For many families, it’s the heart of the home and the “nerve center” where family members gather to talk, work, eat meals and sometimes even entertain guests specially if they are close friends.

Designing a kitchen – whether brand new or remodeling – can be fun but definitely a challenging task. Our Kitchen Planners walks you through the critical stages of the process.

The kitchen is one of the busiest and most expensive rooms in the home and it should be planned to save time and energy for those who work in it. A well-planned kitchen can prevent hazards that might cause fatal accidents and at the same time it can also provide a pleasant environment for family members.

An idea of total space, in relation to the area required for the work center, may help in the kitchen planning. Kitchen planners generally use these figures:

Small Kitchen 8 feet by 10 feet to 10 feet Square
Medium Kitchen 10 feet square to 10 feet x 12 feet
Large Kitchen 10 feet x 12 feet and Above

These are the standard sizes that work well for the average person. Very tall or short individuals may want to customize some of these dimensions. Bear in mind, however, that variations from standard sizes may add to the cost of the kitchen and make the house harder to sell.


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Preparation countertop 32 – 34 inches height.
Ovenside landing space 12 – 18 inches minium counter space
Refrigerator landing space 15 – 18 inches on the handle
Side (or provide a 15 – 18 inch
Landing space within 48 Inches).
Countertop to wall cabinets 15 to 18 inches minimum Clearance
Cooktop landing space 18 inches on each side
Microwave landing space 15 inches below or adjacent.
Cooktop clearance 24 inches above the cooking surface (30 inches if the surface above the cooking unit is unprotected). After this clearance only thing which can come in here is an exhaust hood or chimney.
Working counter Minimmum 132 usable linear Inches of counter space (working counters must be atleast 16 inches in width).
Prep-center counters One 36-inch preparation Center close to a water Source
Knee space at eating counter 12 inches minimum depth. Your chair’s seat should be At 18 inches height.
Glassware shelves 6 – inch spacing, minimum,
Table-to-wall distance 32 inches minimum (36 Inches is better).
Storage area 10 – 12 feet of base cabinets for kitchens less than 150 and 8 – 12 feet of easily sq.ft.): accessible wall cabinets (minimum). An area of 4 feet by 5 feet (20 sq. feet) can take care of this.
Storage area (for larger) 12 – 15 feet of base cabinets Kitchens) and 10 – 12 feet of easily accessible wall cabinets (minimum). An area of 6 feet by 6 feet (36 sq. feet) can take care of this.
Sink landing space 12 – 18 inches on the pre-washing side and 18 inches on the other side (minimum).


These height recommendations are between the base cabinets and upper cabinets and between the range and upper cabinet. Often overlooked is eye height. The solution is to develop a kitchen design that is customized to the user.

Appliances and Equipments

A kitchen without utensils is unthinkable and a well-equipped kitchen is every cook’s dream. But since cooks are also individuals, a list of kitchen equipment and utensils which may suit one may not suit another. However there are certain essential items that every cook needs and as such are identified by the number of times they are used. For example, items used often, such as knives, spoons; pans etc. fall in this category.

Different pieces of cooking equipment exist for every purpose. While setting up a new kitchen, certain amount of time and thought has to be given in choosing and buying equipment and utensils where utmost importance should be given to quality.

A kitchen can, today, be equipped with many efficient labour-saving devices. Machines make tasks such as chopping, shredding and pureeing easier and less time consuming. The housewives and the cooks no longer need to spend the day in the kitchen stirring food and soups, as the modern and efficient equipment helps them to do the work much faster. A look at some of the appliances needed in a kitchen:

Blenders and Mixers
They simplify and cut the time for various culinary techniques such as creaming, whisking, etc…………..

Cooking Range
Used in conventional cooking method, it can be electric or gas operated.

Food Processors
Are the high-tech kitchen appliances, combining the capabilities of electric mixers and blenders and operate at various speed. Used for mincing, chopping, creaming, etc.

Microwave Ovens
A revolutionary piece of kitchen equipment which helps food to cook faster – in minutes and seconds rather than hours.

Pressure Cooker
A combination of a saucepan and a steamer. Normally made of aluminum as it helps to spread heat more evenly.

Pulveriser
A heavy duty electrical grinding machine with a very high speed for grinding and breaking down of ingredients.

Refrigerator
A must for any modern kitchen; not only stores and keeps the things fresh but has become an integral part of cooking too.

Ovens
A must for baking and roasting purposes.

Toaster
Mainly used for toasting breads.

Griller
Comes in different sizes and shapes for different purposes like grilling of sandwich or grilling of chicken etc.

OTG or Oven – Toaster – Griller Combine
As the name suggests does the three functions in the space of one.

Hand Blender
Does light mixing and whipping work.

Coffee Machine
Comes in various types: Filter coffee, Cona coffee etc.

Water Purifier
For filtering water of various impurities.

Geyser
Required for supply of hot water mainly for dish washing.

Dish Washing Machine
Finishes dishwashing efficiently and quickly.

Chimney
For oily Indian cooking, it gives a smoke free and pollution free kitchen. It also helps to reduce the room temperature drastically while cooking.

Cook tops / hobs
Modern tops/hobs are slim and compact loaded with features like auto ignition, one touch operation, triple ring burners, flame failure device etc.

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